无忧雅思网_雅思预测_雅思机经_雅思考试_雅思资料下载_2016年雅思考试时间

雅思阅读分类词汇--生物/生理


molecule 分子à molecular
cell à cellular
amino à amino acids (氨基酸)
protein 蛋白质
enzyme 酶(proteins that are produced by cells and act as catalysts in specific biochemical reactions)
catalyst 催化剂
chlorophyll 叶绿素“chloro-”: Cl
photosynthesis 光合作用 (photo + synthesis)à photosynthetic
botany 植物学 (<> zoology)à botanist, botanical
flora 植物群
fauna 动物群
bacterium bacteria (pl.) 细菌
fungus fungi (pl.) 真菌
algae alga (pl.) 海藻
herb à herbal: ~ teaà herbicide (^ insecticide, pesticide)
carnation 康乃馨à reincarnation
fade 凋谢,褪色
organism 机体,组织ß organ
arthropod 节肢动物v.s. anthropoid (↓)
reptile 爬行动物
amphibian 两栖动物
mammal 哺乳动物 (ß mamma!)
primate 灵长目动物
evolution 进化 (ß evolve)
anthropoid 类人猿 (“anthrop”: humankind)~ anthropology, philanthropyv.s. ape, gorilla, chimpanzee
gene 基因^ DNA (deoxyribonucleic acid)~ genome (基因组)
genetics 遗传学    (à genetical)
helix 螺旋,螺旋壮物… analyze every single gene within the double helix of humanity’s DNA
identical 同一的~ identity (à ID card)^ clone
mutation 突变    gene mutationà mutable, immutable, mutant
predator 捕食者 (<> prey)
embryo 胚胎à embryonic (萌芽的)
roe 鱼子>>> caviar (鱼子酱)
tadpole 蝌蚪>>> frog, toad (^ told)
caterpillar 毛毛虫 (cater + pillar)The American Company: Caterpillar (CAT)
grasshopper 蚱蜢,蝗虫 (= locust)grass + hopper,  ^ bellhop
cricket 蟋蟀  (另)板球
butterfly v.s. moth^ dragonfly, firefly
pollen 花粉  传粉à pollinate, pollination
hive 蜂房>>> honey,  ^ concoction
larva larvae (pl.) 幼虫v.s. lava
pupa 蛹à pupate
penguin 企鹅v.s. dolphin (海豚)
raccoon 浣熊v.s. kangaroo (袋鼠)
hibernate 冬眠 (=hole up)
torpid 麻木的,蛰伏的v.s. torpedo (鱼雷)
cerebral (大)脑的
hemisphere 半球 (hemi + sphere)
cortex 脑皮层
migraine 偏头疼ß migrant
somatic 躯体的
limb 四肢upper/lower limb
anatomy 解剖,剖析
paralyze 使瘫痪 (=incapacitate, immobilize)
artery 动脉 (<> vein)
gland 腺体
pancreas 胰
hormone 荷尔蒙,激素
cholesterol 胆固醇
efficacy 功效v.s. efficiency, effectiveness