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雅思阅读分类词汇--环境问题


conservation 保护,保存 (ß conserve)v.s. conversation
environmentalist = conservationist
acid 酸  酸的 (<>alkali)acid rain
carbon 碳 (C)  v.s. charcoal (炭)carbon dioxide, carbon monoxide
fume exhaust fumesv.s. smoke, fog, smog
petroleum 石油à petrol (BE) = gasoline/gas (AE)à unleaded petrol/gas
ozone 臭氧 (o + zone)ozone layer
ooze 渗出  渗出物
radiation 辐射ultraviolet(UV) radiation~ radioactive
greenhouse 温室greenhouse effect/gases
solar 太阳的 (solar energy)^ lunar (lunar calendar)
phenomenon 现象
catastrophe = disaster, cataclysm
deterioration 恶化 (ß deteriorate)
extinction 灭绝 (ß extinct)
species endangered species
drought 干旱  (^ “找它”)>>> famine    v.s. flooding
recurrent 反复发生的re + (oc)cur + rentv.s. concurrent
inundate 淹没    ^ “淹掉它”
embankment 筑堤 (em + bank + ment)
sediment 沉积(物)= deposit
delta 三角洲the Pearl River Delta
alluvial 冲积的
desertification ß desert  (v.s. dessert)
dust-storm 沙尘暴^ thunderstorm, brainstorm
barren 贫瘠的,不育的,无效的
dune sand dunethe game “DUNE”!
attributable 归因于be attributable to…
deforestation 滥砍滥伐(森林)de + forest + ation<> afforestation/reforestation
log 原木,日志  伐木v.s. logo
vegetation 植物,植被v.s. vegetable, vegetarian
habitat 栖息地ß habit (Habit is the second nature.)
ecosystem 生态系统 (eco + system)~ ecology
viability ß viable  “vi”: life养育能力One tool for assessing the impact of forestry on the ecosystem is population viability analysis.
demographic 人口统计的  demo(people) + graph(write) + ic
interdependence inter + dependence
counterbalance 使平衡,弥补 (=offset)counter(against) + balance
mechanism 机理,机制
precipitation 陡降,降水 (ß precipice)<> evaporation
circulation 流通,循环
tide à tidal wave (海啸)<> ebb    <<< earthquake
typhoon ~ tornado, hurricane
meteorology 气象(学)
volcano 火山
eruption 喷发 (ß erupt)volcanic eruption    >>> lava
granite 花岗岩
imminent = impending    v.s. eminent
Celsius 摄氏的  37OCv.s. centigrade
Fahrenheit 华氏的
latitude 纬度(另) longitude, altitude
tropical ß (the) tropicstropical/torrid zone, temperate zone, frigid zone
glacier 冰川
dump 倾倒,倾销à anti-dumping
contaminate 弄脏  (à contaminant)
recycle 回收再利用
irreversible 不可逆的 (= irrevocable)
reclaim 开垦,改造  à reclamation
contentious 有争议的 (ß contend)Many environmental issues today are highly contentious.
opt 选择(+ for)    à option
prioritize 优先考虑 (ß prior, priority)