So why skimming is so important to your test success?
It's simple, really: even if your English language skills are as close to perfection as possible, you won't be able to demonstrate it on the exam unless you manage to answer the majority questions.
When it comes to the most common complaints about the test, they all focus on one issue in particular: not having enough time to answer all of the reading comprehension questions. Because test takers are so focused on reading and absorbing the meaning of every word, they lose out on valuable time......Time that could be spent getting that ultimate passing score!
If you've been gripped by a cold hard "test practice" fear, not to worry: the skimming strategy below will help you breeze through the toughest part of the test– guaranteed.
• Don't worry about absorbing every single word of that reading comprehension passage. Instead, the goal is to find out the reading passage's main information as quickly as possible. To do this, read the exam questions first and underline main keywords. Then make a note of these keywords as you skim through the reading passage, as these are the answers you're looking for.
• Read the first paragraph quickly and underline any word that is capitalized, a number, a reference to time, or odd.
• Read the last paragraph quickly and underline any word that is capitalized, a number, a reference to time, or odd.
• Train yourself to skim like a pro by only reading first and last paragraphs. Now take a look at the test questions and see if any can be answered by this information alone. Once you've knocked out these questions, only read the first and last sentence of the middle paragraphs. These spots are rich with the information you need to ace your reading comprehension section.
How to Apply Skimming to three kinds of Reading Comprehension Questions.
• Word Use Questions
• Citation Questions
• General Passage or Inference Questions
Word Use Questions
These questions ask you how a particular word is used in the passage. They often look like this:
In line x, the word "[word]" most nearly means . . . .
To answer these questions, take the quoted word out of the sentence that's cited in the question, and then substitute each of the answer choices into the cited sentence. Only one of the answer choices will make any sense.
这些问题问你一个特别的单词在文中被如何应用，他们通常看起来这样：在第x行中，单词“单词”的意思大概是. . . .
Citation Questions point you to a specific section of the text and ask you a question about it. They often look like this:
the author probably mentions [a particular concept] in line x in order to . . .
To answer a Citation Question, you need to read the cited part of the passage and look for the answer choice that restates most of the citation.
引用题把你带到文中一个特定的章节，问你一个关于它的问题，他们通常是这样的：作者可能在x行中提到了一个特定的概念为了. . .
General Passage Questions
These questions ask about the text as a whole. They might look like this:
The author of the passage would be most likely to support which one of the following statements?
General Passage or Inference Questions are easy to answer once you've answered all the Citation Questions. You just follow the same steps as for Citation Questions, but consider all of the citations in the other questions to be fair fame for the General Passage Questions.
As you see that none of the question types requires you to read the entire passage.