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托福阅读短期突破应做哪些准备

 

  1、主题——增加背景知识

  有部分学生反映做托福阅读时很难投入进去,有一点原因就是对于文章所述内容太过陌生,如果你对其略知一二,相信定会有所不同。比如TPO中有篇文章讲到化学元素周期表,对于高中生来说再熟悉不过了,阅读的时候半读半猜,估计也可以理解的八九不离十了。

  若考试准备时间充足,可以多加涉猎,扩充自己的知识背景;若时间紧张,则需搞定TPO套题。根据文章记忆单词,并不是文章中出现的每一个“陌生的面孔”都要去熟悉,比如一些繁琐的专有名词跳过即可。主要记忆的当然是一些动词、名词及形容词,尤其是出现在句子主干中,与解题有关的词汇。

  除了词汇,应学会分析题干及题目,比如题干中出现了effect,conclusion之类的词,其实已经界定了我们寻找的范围——段落靠后的部分,还有就是观点性和总结性的句子永远会是考察的重点所在。做题的时候学会分析原文和选项,进行对比,比如句子简化题,做一题需要看五个长句,似乎很花费时间,但并不需要每个句子都要细看,而是先明确原句的逻辑及主干,抓住选项中的关键点与原句进行比较。

  例如:As a result of crustal adjustments and faulting, the Strait of Gibraltar, where the Mediterranean now connects to the Atlantic, opened, and water cascaded spectacularly back into the Mediterranean.A. The strait of Gibraltar reopened when the Mediterranean and the Atlantic became connected and the cascades of water from one sea to the other caused crustal adjustments and faulting.B. The Mediterranean was dramatically refilled by water from the Atlantic when crustal adjustments and faulting opened the Strait of Gibraltar, the place where the two seas are joined.C. The cascades of water from the Atlantic to the Mediterranean were not as spectacular as the crustal adjustments and faulting that occurred when the Strait of Gibraltar was connected to those seas.D. As a result of crustal adjustments and faultin;g and the creation of the Strait of Gibraltar, the Atlantic and Mediterranean were connected and became a single sea with spectacular cascades of water between them。

  原句是因果逻辑的句子,先找出其因: crustal adjustments and faulting,果:the Strait opened, and water cascaded spectacularly back into the Mediterranean。接着来看选项:A…. caused crustal adjustments and faulting 显然是因果倒置了,毫不犹豫地灭掉;C. 因为此选项中出现比较not as spectacular as, 非常惹眼的一个核心词,而原文中是修饰动词的副词spectacularly,并未进行比较,二话不说也排除掉;D. As a result of crustal adjustments and faulting and the creation of the Strait of Gibraltar,… 这原因里怎么多出来一项啊,掳袖子撵人吧!